Sir Gordon Howard Eliot Hodgkin, (born 6 August 1932) is a British painter and printmaker. His work is most often associated with abstraction.Early life Hodgkin, a cousin of the English still life painter Eliot Hodgkin (1905–87),[2] was educated at Bryanston School in Dorset. He then studied at the Camberwell Art School and later at the Bath Academy of Art in Corsham, where Edward Piper studied drawing under him. [edit]Career [edit]Early work Hodgkin‘s first solo show was in London in 1962. His early paintings tend to be made up of hard-edged curved forms in a limited number of colours. [edit]Mature work Around the beginning of the 1970s, his style became more spontaneous, with vaguely recognisable shapes presented in bright colours and bold forms. His works may then be called "semi-abstract", and are often compared to the paintings of Henri Matisse.[who?] In 1984, Hodgkin represented Britain at the Venice Biennale, in 1985 he won the Turner Prize, and in 1992 he was knighted. In 1995, Hodgkin printed the Venetian Views series, which depict the same view of Venice at four different times of day. Venice, Afternoon - one of the four prints - uses sixteen sheets, or fragments, in a hugely complex printing process which creates a colourful, painterly effect. This piece was given to the Yale Centre of British Art in June 2006 by the Israel family to complement their already-impressive collection of Hodgkins.[3] In 2003 he was appointed by Queen Elizabeth II as a Companion of Honour. A major exhibition of his work was mounted at Tate Britain, London, in 2006. Also in 2006, The Independent declared him one of the 100 most influential gay people in Britain, as his work helps many people express their emotions to others.[4] In September 2010 Hodgkin and five other British artists including John Hoyland, John Walker, Ian Stephenson, Patrick Caulfield and R.B. Kitaj were included in an exhibition entitled The Independent Eye: Contemporary British Art From the Collection of Samuel and Gabrielle Lurie, at the Yale Center for British Art.[5][6] [edit]Style Hodgkin‘s paintings often seek to convey memories of encounters with friends and frequently carry titles alluding to specific places and events such as Dinner at West Hill (1966) and Goodbye to the Bay of Naples (1980–82). Hodgkin himself has said that he paints "representational pictures of emotional situations." Despite their apparent spontaneity and usually small scale, many of Hodgkin‘s paintings take years to complete, with the artist returning to a work after a wait and then changing it or adding to it. He often paints over the frames of his pictures, emphasising the idea of the painting as an object. Several of his works are on wooden items, such as bread-boards or the tops of old tables, rather than canvas. A number of his works not shown in frames are surrounded by rectangles of simple colour. His prints are hand-painted etchings and he has worked with the same master printer (Jack Shirreff at 107 Workshop) and print publisher (Alan Cristea Gallery) for the last 25 years. [edit]References ^ a b c "Howard Hodgkin Biography". Cultural heritage Associates. 2006. Retrieved 2009-07-24.[dead link] ^ Eliot Hodgkin Painter & Collector. Hazlitt, Gooden & Fox. ISBN 0951249363. ^ Woolmer, Sussanah. "Acquisition of the Month: Howard Hodgkin‘s ‘Venice, Afternoon",Apollo Magazine, 2007-01-01. Retrieved on 2009-06-10. ^ The Independent, (2 July 2006), Gay Power: The pink list. Retrieved June 25, 2007. ^ Channeling American Abstraction, Karen Wilkin, Wall Street Journal Retrieved October 7, 2010 ^ NY Times, exhibition review Retrieved December 15, 2010

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